Situated in the northeast and about one hour from the famous italian city of Milan, Bergamo is a historical city in the North of Italy which is most characteristic for its Medieval influence.

The city is divided into two parts, the Lower Town and the Upper Town, but just the last one is reminded for being a symbol of the Middle Age.

Going from the Lower Town to the Upper Town is really easy: people can go walking, by bike,by funicular and, if it’s open to the traffic (not every day and at every hour because sometimes the access is just reserved to the residents of the Upper Town), is usually possible reaching the higher part by car and by motorbike as well.

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Once reached the Upper Town, the visitors could appreciate a beautiful view of the city and walk through the path in order to admire the architecture.

The Venetian Walls of the Upper Town surround it entirely and are the first attraction that calls thousands of tourist to visit the city of Bergamo. In fact, the Venetian Walls are a UNESCO World Heritage Site: this walls are more than six Km long and are still perfectly intact since the Medieval period.

mura venete @igbergamo

They were built from 1561 by the Republic of  Venice, while Venice had the power to govern in the region of Lombardy and especially when Bergamo was an important city of the Republic of Venice.

Why in the Upper Town and not in the Lower Town?

It’s easy to answer this question, they were built in the highest part of the city in order to face the enemies who were coming to attack the city and s that the soldiers could have seen them from far away.

From the top, in fact, is possible to see the airport of the city and all the buildings and the furthest small towns situated in the borders and half hidden by the mountains.

The Walls are made by fourteen bastions, 2 platforms, a hundred embrasures for the cannons, two armouries and four gates.

Walking by the Venetian Walls the tourists can reach as well  the centre of  the Upper Town, where is situated the Old Square (‘Piazza Vecchia’): to arrive to that square, people have to walk through the narrow streets which remind the medieval history as well. All the buildings, especially the ones of the Upper Town are historical, and constitute a part of the past of Italy.

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This city is a mix of history, magic and culture. Everyone should visit it.

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