Gwangju Uprising is also known as the Gwangju Democratization Movement (주주 민 주화 운동) or 518 in Kwangju incident. Occurred in Gwangju, South Korea, from 18 to 27 May 1980, is a voluntary democracy campaign initiated by citizens. Quan Dou Huan, who is in charge of military power, ordered the force to suppress the campaign, resulting in the death and injury of a large number of civilians and students. The Gwangju Uprising herald the end of dictatorship and accelerated the arrival of democratic politics.


Quan Dou Huan regime inherited the high-pressure reform system, conducted the rule of power. Under such circumstances, Gwangju Uprising provided an opportunity to let people overthrow the legitimacy and morality of the negative regime and played a decisive role in causing the collapse of its system. At that time, Quan Dou Hwan had mobilized various intelligence agencies to make people under high pressure. However, the resistance movement that emerged in Gwangju in May every year caused the regime to falter and was eventually overthrown. From this point of view, the democratization movement of Gwangju has been the driving force behind the national-democratic movement since 1980 and is a proof of its history. Moreover, this democratization campaign became the first case that the people overthrow the illicit regime. The democratization movement in Gwangju should not be regarded as a painful historical memory of an era but a new starting point for the process of modern history. Because the national revealed the strong desire and demand for democracy after 80 years, it truly proved 5.18 Gwangju Democratization Movement to national history has brought what kind of shock and influence.

To sum up, Gwangju Uprising did have many negative impacts on people, but every revolution needs to pay a price. People should face up to these histories and cherish the present life that was changed because of this event.