The Kulangsu is located in the Xiamen city, Fujian province in China. It is an small island which is regarded as one of the most famous and typical tourist spots in the Fujian province. Kulangsu is an exceptional example of the mixing of different cultures. For example, there are several kinds of architectures on the island, including western style building like church and gallery, museum of musical instruments. On the other hand there are also some area used by inhabitants on the island for their daily lives, which shows the other scene closed to the local people’s lifestyles. It is not exaggerate to say that the scene of Kulangsu reveals the feeling of mixture different architectural styles including Traditional Southern Fujian Style, Western Classical Revival Style and Veranda Colonial Style.
Figure 1-Western style building in Kulangsu island
For these reasons, Kulangsu attracts tourists from all over the world to visit every year. Undoubtedly, the huge number of tourists just fastens the development of economy of Xiamen city. However it also reveals some problems. One of the most serious problems is that the visitors has really disturbed the lives of the inhabitants. This phenomenon revealed in many different situations. For example, visitors always leaves the litters near the scenic spots on the island, which may pollute the living place of the local people. At the same time, the noise that the customers product would also influence the daily lives of the inhabitants. Moreover, because of the development of Kulangsu, some merchants just try to develop the business opportunities on the island, such as the catering trade and the real estate. Kulangsu, the cultural heritage of China, as well as the lives of the inhabitants, are under destroying.
Figure 2-residential building in Kulangsu
Preservation and the current situation:
And because of this, the number of the tourists restriction on the island increases year by year. According to the data provided by the Tencent network in 2017, in order to restrict the average number of the tourists per day, the government issued the regulation of reducing the number of visitors per day, so the maximum bearing capacity of the customer had decreased to 50,000 everyday.
Also, the tourists of Kulangsu have raises their own awareness of protecting the island by reading the information about heritage and Kulangsu. More and More people are willing to make effort to retain and protect the lifestyles of the local people when they are visiting Kulangsu. It is believed that Kulangsu will become cleaner and more attractive than ever before.
Figure 3-old trees and the building of republic of China in Kulangsu
Qiu, M., Zhang, J., Zhang, H., Li, L. and Zhang, H., 2017. The driving mechanism of tourists’ pro-environment behavior based on cognition of tourism soundscapes: a case of Kulangsu. Tourism Tribune, 32(11), pp.105-115.
Zhenfu, L.I.N., 2010. COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF URBAN SCENIC AREA: A CASE STUDY OF KULANGSU [J]. City Planning Review, 10, p.019.
Figure 2: http://699pic.com/tupian/gulangyu.html
Figure 3: http://www.mafengwo.cn/i/6818498.html